UALR Campus Diversity Survey | June 2013

Final Report | June 2013

Introduction

The UALR Institute of Government Survey Research Center (SRC) conducted a survey at the request of the UALR Diversity Council. The purpose of the study is to gain an understanding of the faculty, staff and studentsā€™ perceptions of diversity and diversity-related experiences at UALR. The results of this survey will have significance for the Universityā€™s future in terms of recruitment, retention, curriculum and campus life.

Methodology

Three target populations were included in the study: current full-time faculty (Faculty), current full-time non-faculty employees (Staff) and students enrolled in the spring 2013 semester. The Office of the Provost provided the databases used in the study. After updating and cleaning the data, the population database consisted of 494 eligible faculty members, 1,046 staff members and 12,295 students.

The Faculty survey was conducted between October 3, 2012 and October 27, 2012. The survey consisted of a self-administered web survey. An additional two follow-up email reminders were sent to the non-responder faculty members over the month of October. A total of 230 faculty interviews were completed for an overall response rate of 47 percent.

The Staff survey was conducted between December 3, 2012 and February 20, 2013 and used a multi-mode approach. The survey consisted of a self-administered web survey with an incentive. The incentive was entry into a drawing for a $75 gift card. Invitations to participate were emailed to employees. An additional two follow-up email reminders were sent to the non-participating employees over the month of December and January. A total of 415 staff members completed the survey via the web. For those employees that did not participate in the web survey, a paper questionnaire was mailed via Inter-Campus Mail to all non-respondents. An additional 150 staff members completed the paper questionnaire for a total of 565 completed interviews which represents an overall response rate of 54 percent.

The Student survey was conducted between April 19, 2013 and May 6, 2013. The survey consisted of a self-administered web survey with an incentive. The incentive was entry into a drawing for one of four $100 gift cards. An additional two follow-up email reminders were sent to the non-responder students. A total of 3,514 students completed the survey via the web representing an overall response rate of 29 percent.

Data Analysis

Descriptive data analysis is presented in tabular form and includes percent frequency distributions for each question. All data analysis was conducted using SPSS. Counts and percentage frequencies are presented for the sample as a whole.

Major findings

  • A majority of students believe that age, ethnicity, race, disability and gender should be included as UALR addresses issues of diversity.Ā  The majority of staff agree but also believe faith, religion or belief, and sexual orientation should be included.Ā  The majority of faculty believe that all of the above should be included along with gender identity and language.
  • One in 10 Faculty and Staff members report being somewhat or very uncomfortable in discussing issues of diversity in their department.
  • Sixty-two percent (62%) of Students are very comfortable discussing issues of diversity in class while only 18% of Faculty perceive their students as being very comfortable discussing issues of diversity in class.
  • When asked about their comfort level in working with a colleague/co-worker, very low percentages of the Faculty and Staff members report a level of discomfort when working with a disabled, gay or different race co-worker. However, 16%-19% of Faculty and Staff members report being somewhat or very uncomfortable working with a co-worker who is transgendered. Similarly, Students report high levels of comfort interacting with a disabled, gay, or different race student, while 23% feel uncomfortable interacting with a student that is transgendered.
  • Approximately 25% of both Faculty and Staff members report experiencing unfair treatment at UALR.
  • Of the Faculty who report having experienced unfair treatment, 51% cites unfair treatment based upon Gender. Of the Staff who report unfair treatment, 56% indicate it was due to Race.
  • A total of 20% of Students indicate that they have personally witnessed unfair treatment at UALR. Fifteen percent of Students report that they have personally experienced unfair treatment at UALR based on race, disability, age, gender, sexual orientation, religion or socioeconomic status.
  • A majority of Students who reported experiencing unfair treatment indicate it was due to Race.
  • Approximately 20% of all respondents, including Faculty, Staff and Students, cite being very confidentā€ that reported issues of discrimination would be resolved.
  • A majority of all three groups are uncertain as to whether UALR adequately addresses incidents of discrimination based upon Race, Gender, and Sexual orientation.
  • Nearly one in five Students indicate that they ā€œdo not knowā€ where to go to report unfair treatment at UALR.
  • Faculty and Staff members are divided in their views on whether UALRā€™s recruitment efforts reflect a commitment to achieving a diverse Faculty.
  • Nearly 75% of Students cite that the recruitment efforts at UALR reflect a commitment to achieving and maintaining a diverse Student Body.
  • Regarding opposite-sex domestic partner employee benefits, 68% of the Faculty and 54% of the Staff are in favor of this policy.
  • Regarding same-sex domestic partner employee benefits, 76% of the Faculty and 55% of the Staff are in favor of this policy.
  • While considerable efforts were made to obtain information from all UALR faculty, staff and students, those that did not participate in the survey introduce a non-response bias to the results. Ā The extent of the effect of this bias on the results is not fully known, and the reader should be aware of its existence when interpreting the results in this report. Ā Also, there may be a need to find alternate future methods to obtain data and narratives from the populations.

UALR Campus Diversity Survey Data Tables

F/S = Question presented in Faculty and Staff questionnaires
ST = Question presented in Student questionnaire

Q1 In your opinion, what identity groups should be included when UALR addresses issues of diversity?

(MULTIPLE RESPONSES) FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Age 84% 82% 73%
Disability 84% 70% 53%
Gender 83% 76% 61%
Race 91% 82% 66%
Ethnicity and culture 87% 81% 71%
Faith, religion, or belief 63% 54% 48%
Sexual orientation 73% 53% 42%
Gender identity 63% 44% 33%
Language 51% 43% 45%
Health status 36% 24% 22%
Marital status 31% 28% 28%
Other [Please specify]: 12% 5% 5% TOTAL COUNT 230 565 3514

Q2

F/S – What is your level of comfort with discussing issues of diversity in your department?
ST – What is your level of comfort with discussing issues of diversity in class?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Very comfortable 65% 55% 62%
Somewhat comfortable 23% 32% 31%
Somewhat uncomfortable 10% 11% 5%
Very uncomfortable 2% 2% 2%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 227 560 3369

Q3

F/S – What is your comfort level working with a colleague/coworker or supervisor that is transgendered?
ST – What is your comfort level interacting with a student that is transgendered?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Very comfortable 60% 50% 45%
Somewhat comfortable 24% 31% 32%
Somewhat uncomfortable 13% 13% 16%
Very uncomfortable 3% 6% 7%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 225 555 3359

Q4

F/S – What is your comfort level working with a colleague/coworker or supervisor that is disabled?
ST – What is your comfort level interacting with a student that is disabled?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Very comfortable 85% 81% 72%
Somewhat comfortable 13% 17% 24%
Somewhat uncomfortable 1% 1% 4%
Very uncomfortable 1% 1% 0%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 229 561 3362

Q5

F/S – What is your comfort level working with a colleague/coworker or supervisor that is gay or lesbian?
ST – What is your comfort level with a student that is gay or lesbian?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Very comfortable 87% 78% 70%
Somewhat comfortable 8% 17% 20%
Somewhat uncomfortable 3% 4% 7%
Very uncomfortable 1% 1% 3%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 229 558 3350

Q6

F/S – What is your comfort level with a colleague/coworker or supervisor that is of a different race?
ST – What is your comfort level interacting with a student that is of a different race?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Very comfortable 94% 92% 87%
Somewhat comfortable 6% 7% 11%
Somewhat uncomfortable 0% 1% 1%
Very uncomfortable 0% 0% 1%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 229 562 3356

Q7

F/S – What is your comfort level working with a colleague/coworker or supervisor that is of a different ethnicity or culture?
ST – What is your comfort level interacting with a student that is of a different ethnicity or culture?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Very comfortable 93% 87% 80%
Somewhat comfortable 7% 12% 18%
Somewhat uncomfortable 0% 1% 2%
Very uncomfortable 0% 0% 1%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 228 562 3364

Q8

F – In general, how would you describe your students’ level of comfort in discussing issues of diversity in class?

FACULTY
Very comfortable 18%
Somewhat comfortable 47%
Somewhat uncomfortable 29%
Very uncomfortable 6%
Total 100%
TOTAL COUNT 211

Q9

Have you personally witnessed any unfair treatment at UALR based upon race, disability, age, gender, sexual orientation, religion or socioeconomic status?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Yes 35% 34% 20%
No 65% 66% 80%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 229 559 3345

Q10

Have you personally experienced any unfair treatment at UALR based upon race, disability, age, gender, sexual orientation, religion or socioeconomic status?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Yes 26% 25% 15%
No 74% 75% 85%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 229 558 3345

Q11

Were you treated unfairly at UALR due to…

(MULTIPLE RESPONSES) FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Race 39% 56% 51%
Disability 5% 8% 12%
Age 12% 30% 21%
Gender 51% 36% 27%
Sexual Orientation 9% 12% 9%
Religion 18% 7% 16%
Socioeconomic Status 4% 13% 14%
Gender Identity - - 3%
Other: 14% 11% 12%
TOTAL COUNT 60 140 511

Q12F

If you or someone you knew were treated unfairly at UALR due to discrimination, where would you go or who would you speak with to report unfair treatment?

FACULTY FACULTY
Supervisor/Department Chair 90 38%
Dean 55 23%
Human Resources 31 13%
Don’t Know 22 9%
Administration/Chancellor 10 4%
Other Units 7 3%
Wouldn’t Report 3 1%
TOTAL COUNT 237

Q12S

If you or someone you knew were treated unfairly at UALR due to discrimination, where would you go or who would you speak with to report the unfair treatment?

STAFF STAFF
Human Resources 151 27%
Supervisor/Department Chair 122 22%
Dean 46 8%
Don’t know 24 4%
Administration/Chancellor 12 2%
Other Units 6 1%
TOTAL COUNT 565

Q12ST

If you or someone you knew were treated unfairly at UALR due to discrimination, where would you go or who would you speak with to report the unfair treatment?

STUDENTS STUDENTS
Don’t Know 642 18%
Dean 473 13%
Professor/Faculty 454 13%
Dean of Students 398 11%
Supervisor/Department Chair 289 8%
Advisor/Counselor 259 7%
Administration/Chancellor 175 5%
Named a particular person 98 3%
Other Units 102 3%
Wouldn’t Report 98 3%
Police 76 2%
Human Resources 49 1%
The individual 35 1%
Family and Friends 21 1%
TOTAL COUNT 3540

Q13

If you reported unfair treatment due to discrimination, how confident would you be that the situation would be resolved?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Very confident 22% 21% 21%
Somewhat confident 49% 45% 49%
Not very confident 20% 26% 23%
Not confident at all 9% 8% 7%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 224 539 3308

Q14

Based on your experiences, do you think that UALR adequately addresses incidents of discrimination based on race?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Yes 37% 38% 38%
No 12% 14% 11%
Uncertain 51% 48% 52%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 226 552 3309

Q15

Based on your experiences, do you think that UALR adequately addresses incidents of discrimination based on disability?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Yes 49% 48% 51%
No 8% 9% 8%
Uncertain 42% 42% 41%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 227 551 3291

Q16

Based on your experiences, do you think that UALR adequately addresses incidents of discrimination based on gender?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Yes 34% 35% 40%
No 12% 14% 10%
Uncertain 54% 51% 50%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 228 552 3300

Q17

Based on your experiences, do you think that UALR adequately addresses incidents of discrimination based on sexual orientation?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Yes 23% 27% 31%
No 11% 13% 10%
Uncertain 65% 59% 60%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 227 550 3281

Q17a

Based on your experiences, do you think that UALR adequately addresses incidents of discrimination based on gender identity?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Yes - - 26%
No - - 10%
Uncertain - - 64%
Total - - 100%
TOTAL COUNT - - 3302

Q18

Do you think that recruitment efforts at UALR reflect a commitment to achieving and maintaining a diverse faculty?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Yes 55% 53% 63%
No 24% 20% 13%
Uncertain 21% 27% 24%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 229 553 3292

Q19

Do you think that recruitment efforts at UALR reflect a commitment to achieving and maintaining a diverse student body?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Yes 65% 64% 73%
No 11% 10% 8%
Uncertain 23% 26% 19%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 228 553 3288

Q20

Do you favor or oppose a University of Arkansas system policy that would provide the same employee benefits to opposite-sex domestic partners of employees as it offers to spouses of employees?

FACULTY STAFF
Favor 68% 54%
Neutral – neither favor or oppose 19% 27%
Oppose 13% 19%
Total 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 228 549

Q21

Do you favor or oppose a University of Arkansas system policy that would provide the same employee benefits to same-sex domestic partners of employees as it offers to spouses of employees?

FACULTY STAFF
Favor 76% 55%
Neutral – neither favor or oppose 15% 28%
Oppose 9% 17%
Total 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 226 549

And to make sure that we have heard from a wide range of people, we have a final few questions about yourself…

Q22

How many years have you worked at UALR?

FACULTY STAFF
1 year or less 16% 13%
2 to 5 years 24% 33%
6 to 10 years 21% 24%
11 to 15 years 14% 12%
15 or more years 26% 17%
Total 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 227 545

Q23

What is your gender?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Male 52% 34% 35%
Female 47% 66% 65%
Transgender 0.0% 0.0% 0.3%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 226 548 3292

Q24

What is your race? [Select all that apply]

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
White 79% 67% 60%
Black/African American 8% 27% 23%
Hispanic 6% 2% 4%
American Indian/Alaskan Native 4% 5% 4%
Asian 8% 3% 6%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0% 0% 0%
Multi-race 3% 2% 3%
Other: [Please Specify] 2% 1% 1%
TOTAL COUNT 224 542 3514

Q25

What is your sexual orientation?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Heterosexual 90% 92% 91%
Gay/Lesbian 4% 5% 4%
Bisexual 5% 2% 3%
Other: [Please Specify] 1% 1% 2%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 221 543 3262

Q26

What is your religion or religious affiliation?

FACULTY STAFF STUDENTS
Christian 52% 74% 67%
Jewish 6% 1% 0%
Muslim 3% 0% 3%
Spiritual/Non-religious 10% 11% 10%
Agnostic 17% 6% 6%
Atheist 7% 4% 6%
Buddhist/Hindu 1% 1% 0%
Other: [Please Specify] 5% 3% 7%
Total 100% 100% 100%
TOTAL COUNT 218 542 3274

UALR Campus Diversity Survey

Cindy Bennett
David Thiedig

Survey Research Center | UALR Institute of Government

This project was made possible by a Disability Resource Center grant from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Postsecondary Education; by generous in-kind contributions by the IOG Survey Research Center; and with the support of the UALR Diversity Council.