Fair Use: Fair use limits the exclusive rights of copyright owners and gives the user rights to reproduce in copies or phonorecords for "purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research." This is NOT an infringement. However, four factors must always be considered in determining fair use: "the purpose and character of use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; the nature of the copyrighted work; the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work." (3)
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
The following sources were used in compiling the Glossary. The number appearing next to the term corresponds to the source used for that term.
1: Russell, Carrie. Complete Copyright: And Everyday Guide for Librarians. Chicago: American Library Association, 2004.
2: Canadian Intellectual Property Office. “A Guide to Copyright: Glossary.” Canadian Intellectual Property Office. http://strategis.ic.gc.ca/sc_mrksv/cipo/cp/copy_gd_gloss-e.html
3: United States Copyright Office website. http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html#101
Remember that copyright is an area where there is still much ambiguity. Future legislation and court decisions will continue to shape copyright law. Information provided on this website should not be construed as legal advice.