- What is the UALR policy regarding the use of human participants in research?
- What does the IRB do?
- What is research?
- What is a human participant?
- How do I know if I should submit a research protocol to the IRB?
- When should I submit my review request to the IRB?
- What do I submit?
- What is informed consent?
- To whom do I submit my request?
- What happens after I submit my IRB Review Request?
- How will I be notified of the status of my request?
- What is the best way to prepare my IRB Review request?
All research involving human participants conducted by faculty, staff, or students of the University of Arkansas at Little Rock (UALR) must be reviewed and approved by the UALR Institutional Review Board (IRB). The UALR IRB operates according to the guidelines in the Code of Federal Regulations (45CFR46) and other state and institutional guidelines.
It is the responsibility of the IRB to review research protocols involving human participants to ensure that the rights of the participants are protected, that they are not subject to unreasonable harm (physical and emotional), and that information about them is kept confidential.
Research means a systematic investigation, including pilot research, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Activities that meet this definition constitute research for purposes of this policy.
Human participant means a living individual about whom an investigator conducting research obtains data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or through identifiable private information.
If your research project (including observation, interviews and surveys) involves human participants, you must submit an IRB Review request form.
You may submit your request at any time, but you must receive IRB approval before you begin recruiting participants or collecting data. For a full board review, please submit your request 2 weeks prior to the next scheduled IRB meeting date.
You should submit an IRB request that includes the appropriate request form, an informed consent form or survey cover letter, training certifications for all researchers involved, and any tests, surveys, or interview questions you will be using in your study.
There are several types of IRB review and specific request forms for each type of review. Details regarding the types of review and the required request forms can be found here.
Informed consent is generally obtained through a document that fully discloses the nature of the research, explains the risks (both physical and psychological) and benefits and allows the individual to voluntarily decide whether to participate in the research study or not.
All IRB requests must be submitted electronically as one PDF file to the Research Compliance Officer at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Office of Research Compliance (ORC) processes all requests. If the Research Compliance Officer (RCO) does not receive all of the required submission materials, you will be contacted to submit the missing documents. When your request is determined to contain all of the required materials, a confirmation of receipt letter will be issued by e-mail. The ORC will then route your request to the IRB reviewers for official review and decision.
Regardless of the type of request, there is a two-week turnaround time. If a project is determined to need ‘Full Board Review,’ a letter of invitation will be sent for your attendance at the next full board meeting. If you do not receive a response a couple of days after you submit your protocol/request, please contact the RCO at 569-8656 or email at email@example.com.
You and your faculty supervisor will receive an e-mail message from the IRB Administrator (or designee) detailing the review decision.
You should work closely with your faculty advisor well in advance of beginning the actual research. It will be important for you to apply what you learned in the CITI online training course when you complete your IRB proposal.