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Institutional Review Board (IRB)

IRB FAQs

What is the UALR policy regarding the use of human participants in research?

All research involving human participants conducted by faculty, staff, or students of the University of Arkansas at Little Rock (UALR) must be reviewed and approved by the UALR Institutional Review Board (IRB). The UALR IRB operates according to the guidelines in the Code of Federal Regulations (45CFR46) and other state and institutional guidelines.

What does the IRB do?

It is the responsibility of the IRB to review research protocols involving human participants to ensure that the rights of the participants are protected, that they are not subject to unreasonable harm (physical and emotional), and that information about them is kept confidential.

What is research?

Research means a systematic investigation, including pilot research, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Activities that meet this definition constitute research for purposes of this policy.

What is a human participant?

Human participant means a living individual about whom an investigator conducting research obtains data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or through identifiable private information.

How do I know if I should submit a research protocol to the IRB?

If your research project (including observation, interviews and surveys) involves human participants, you must submit an IRB Review request form.

When should I submit my review request to the IRB?

You may submit your request at any time, but you must receive IRB approval before you begin recruiting participants or collecting data. For a full board review, please submit your request 2 weeks prior to the next scheduled IRB meeting date.

What do I submit?

You should submit an IRB request that includes the appropriate request form, an informed consent form or survey cover letter, training certifications for all researchers involved, and any tests, surveys, or interview questions you will be using in your study.

There are several types of IRB review and specific request forms for each type of review. Details regarding the types of review and the required request forms can be found here.

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What is informed consent?

Informed consent is generally obtained through a document that fully discloses the nature of the research, explains the risks (both physical and psychological) and benefits and allows the individual to voluntarily decide whether to participate in the research study or not.

To whom do I submit my request?

IRB review requests may be submitted electronically or in hard copy. If submitted electronically, e-mail your request and other materials to either contact listed below:

Research Compliance Officer at irb@ualr.edu.

Hard copies can be submitted to the following mailing address.

Institutional Review Board
Ottenheimer Library 503
University of Arkansas at Little Rock
2801 S. University Avenue
Little Rock, AR 72204

What happens after I submit my IRB Review Request?

Once the request is submitted, it will be processed by the ORSP. If ORSP does not receive all of the required submission materials, you will be contacted to submit additional documents or to make minor changes. When your request is determined to contain all of the required materials, a receipt letter will be issued by e-mail. ORSP will then route your request to the IRB for official review and decision.

The type of IRB review dictates the length of time necessary for a decision. If your study is eligible for an ‘Exemption From Full Board Review’ submission, you should receive a decision within five to seven business days from the date of the receipt letter. An ‘Expedited Review’ submission decision is made within 3 weeks after submission, and a ‘Full Board Review’ submission decision is made within one month after submission. If you do not receive a response with the period appropriate for your request, please contact the IRB Administrator at 569-8656.

How will I be notified of the status of my request?

You and your faculty supervisor will receive an e-mail message from the IRB Administrator (or designee) detailing the review decision.

What is the best way to prepare my IRB Review request?

You should work closely with your faculty advisor well in advance of beginning the actual research. It will be important for you to apply what you learned in the CITI online training course when you complete your IRB proposal.

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Updated 4.1.2014