A Comparison of VA Educational Programs

Tuition Assistance

Active duty military personnel have Tuition Assistance (TA) programs through their specific branch. TA information for each branch is provided on the TA link found above. You can find out what you need to do to receive that benefit by clicking on your branch of service.

Vocational Rehabilitation (Chapter 31)

Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Voc Rehab), Chapter 31, is not the same as the GI Bill. Voc Rehab is for honorably discharged Veterans with a service-connected disability rating of at least 20%, who want to take their careers in a direction that previous training and current disabilities make difficult. -> Read More

Education Benefit Comparison Chart from www.gibill.VA.gov

The various versions of educational benefits available to veterans, including the GI Bill, eligibility requirements, and names of the programs can be confusing. The Chart below is provided to help you understand what educational benefit you are eligible to receive.

Post-9/11 GI Bill (Chapter 33) Montgomery GI Bill-Active Duty (Chapter 30) Montgomery GI Bill-Selective Reserve (Chapter 1606) Reserve Education Assistance Program-REAP (Chapter 1607) Veterans Education Assistance Program-VEAP (Chapter 32) Dependents Educational Assistance Program-DEAP (Chapter 35)
VA Brochure Link VA Link VA Link VA Link VA Link VA Link VA Link

Minimum Length of Service (Time of Service)

90 days active aggregate service (after 9/10/01) or 30 days continuous if discharged for disability

2 yr. continuous enlistment (minimum duty varies by service date, branch, etc.)

6 yr. commitment (after 6/30/85)

90 days active continuous service (after 9/10/01)

181 continuous days active service (between 12/31/76 and 7/1/85)1

Not applicable

Maximum # of Months of Benefits 2

36

36

36

36

36

45

How Payments Are Made

Tuition: Paid to school

Housing stipend: Paid monthly to student

Books & Supplies: Paid to student at the beginning of the term

Paid to student

Paid to student

Paid to student

Paid to student

Paid to student

Duration of Benefits

Generally 15 years from last day of active duty

Generally 10 years from last day of active duty

Ends the day you leave Selected Reserve

Generally 10 years from the day you leave the Selected Reserve or the day you leave the IRR 4

10 yrs from last day of active duty

Spouse: 10 – 20 years 3

Child: Ages 18-26

Degree Training

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Non College Degree Training

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

On-the-Job & Apprenticeship Training

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Flight Training

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Correspondence Courses

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Licensing & Certification

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

National Testing Programs

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Work-Study Program

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Tutorial Assistance 5

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

  • Amount of time varies according to when the Veteran enlisted and entered active duty.

  • You may receive a maximum of 48 months of benefits combined if you are eligible for more than one VA education program.

  • Spouses are generally eligible to receive benefits for 10 years. However, spouses of individuals rated total and permanent within 3 years of discharge and spouses of individuals who die on active duty are granted a 20 year eligibility period.

  • The Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) is a category of the Ready Reserve of the Reserve Component of the Armed Forces.

  • VA can pay the difference between the total cost of tuition and fees and the amount of Tuition Assistance paid by the military.

Definitions

Post 911-Chapter 33

The Post-9/11 GI Bill is a benefit for individuals with at least 90 days of aggregate service on or after September 11, 2001, or individuals discharged with a service-connected disability after 30 days. You must have received an honorable discharge to be eligible for the Post-9/11 GI Bill.

Transferring Chapter 33 Benefits to your Dependents

There is a provision under Chapter 33 Post 9/11 GI Bill that enables eligible service members to transfer their eligibility to their dependents, but there are very strict requirements to do so (including an incurred service obligation if the service member has served less than 10 years).

Montgomery GI Bill-Chapter 30

The Montgomery GI Bill is a benefit for individuals who contributed $1200 to the basic program while on Active Duty. All individuals who were separated or retired with an honorable discharge or were separated under the Voluntary Separation Incentive (VSI) or Special Separation Benefit (SSB) are eligible.

Vocational Rehabilitation (VR&E) – Chapter 31

VR&E’s primary benefit program is vocational rehabilitation services for veterans who have a service-connected disability of 10% and higher. To receive services a veteran must be found both eligible and entitled. The desired outcome of these services is to lead disabled veterans to suitable employment that is consistent with their aptitudes and interests or achieving independence in their daily living.

Survivors’ and Dependents’ Educational Assistance (DEA) – Chapter 35

DEA provides education and training opportunities to eligible dependents of veterans who are permanently and totally disabled due to a service-related condition, who are anticipated to be released from a military hospital with 100% disability or who died while on active duty or as a result of a service related condition. The program offers up to 45 months of education benefits.

Montgomery GI Bill – Selected Reserve – Chapter 1606

The MGIB-SR program may be available to you if you are a member of the Selected Reserve and have completed your Initial Active Duty Training (tech school). The Selected Reserve includes the Army Reserve, Navy Reserve, Air Force Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve and Coast Guard Reserve, and the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard.

Tuition Assistance

The Tuition Assistance (TA) program provides financial assistance for voluntary off-duty education programs in support of a Soldier’s professional and personal self-development goals. TA is available for courses that are offered in the classroom or by distance learning and is part of an approved academic degree or certificate program. The courses must be offered by schools that are accredited by accrediting agencies that are recognized by the U.S. Department of Education and are signatories to the current Department of Defense Memorandum of Understanding (DOD MOU).