Gloria Ray Kalmark registered to attend Central High for her junior year. After the 1957-58 school year, she completed her high school education in Kansas City, Missouri, since no high schools were open in Little Rock during â€śThe Lost Year.â€ť.
Ray went on to receive a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry and mathematics from the Illinois Institute of Technology. She has worked as a systems analyst, technical writer, and patent attorney for businesses such as International Business Machineâ€™s (IBM)Â Nordic Laboratory in Stockholm, Sweden, Philips Telecommunications in Hilversum, and Philips Lighting in Eindhoven.
Karlmark also founded and was editor-in-chief of Computers in Industry, an international journal of computer applications in industry.
Her Experience in 1957
â€śIt would put me in doubt about my very existence,â€ť she said. â€śSome things are worth dying for. I stopped being me. I became what was a very important principle, every day in school.â€ť
Bates, Daisy. The Long Shadow of Little Rock. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2000.
Beals, Melba Pattillo. Warriors Donâ€™t Cry: A Searing Memoir of the Battle to Integrate Little Rockâ€™s Central High. New York: Washington Square Books, 1994.
Counts, Will. A Life is More Than a Moment. Indiana University Press: Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1999.
Journey to Little Rock: The Untold Story of Minnijean Brown Trickey. Dir. Rob Thompson. North East Productions, 2002. DVD.
LaNier, Carlotta Walls, and Lisa Frazier Page. A Mighty Long Way: My Journey to Justice at Little Rock Central High School. New York: One World/Ballantine, 2009.
Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site Visitor Center. Little Rock, Arkansas. http://www.nps.gov/chsc/ (accessed June 16, 2012).
National Park Service, Central High School National Historic Site. The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Retrieved June 5, 2012, from http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=723
Roberts, Terrence. July 7, 2008. â€śDr. Terrence Roberts of the Little Rock Nine,â€ť Facing History and Ourselves. Retrieved from http://www.facing.org/about/who/profiles/dr-terrence-roberts.
Roberts, Terrence. Lessons from Little Rock. Little Rock: Butler Center Books, 2009.
The Ernest Green Story. Disney Educational Productions, 2005. DVD.