DATES, HISTORICAL AND LITERARY

 

1603, Mar 24 - Queen Elizabeth dies; James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England; Shakespeare's Othello

1605, Nov 5 - Gunpowder Plot, a foiled attempt allegedly by Catholics (Guy Fawkes) to blow up the King and Parliament

1607 site of Jamestown chosen (in America)

1608 Thomas Overbury's Characters of Virtues and Vices

1609 publication of Shake-speare's Sonnets

1610 Ben Jonson's Alchemist

1611 King James Bible (Lancelot Andrewes on the commission); Shakespeare's Tempest

1612, Nov 6- Prince Henry dies suddenly of a fever; Bacon's Essays (first ed, 1597)

1614 John Fletcher's Duchess of Malfi

1616 Ben Jonson's Works (a folio ed that includes Epigrams, The Forrest, and plays)

1619 Inigo Jones begins the Banqueting House at Whitehall (finished: 1622)

1620 voyage of the Mayflower

1621 Robert Burton's The Anatomy of Melancholy; John Donne becomes Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral

1623 the Shakespeare First Folio

1624 Donne's Devotions upon Emergent Occastions

1625, Mar 27 - King James dies; Prince Charles becomes King Charles I

1628 Sir William Harvey publishes his theory of blood circulation (De Motu Cordis et Sanguinis); George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, former lover of James I and buddy of Charles I, assassinated

1631 John Stow (& Edmund Howes) Annals or a General Chronicle of England

1632 Anthony Van Dyck settles in England (he paints lots of royal portraits)

1633 William Laud appointed Archbishop of Canterbury; Donne's collected poems published (posthumously); George Herbert's The Temple: Sacret Poems and Private Ejaculations (also posthumously); William Prynne's Histriomastix; John Ford's 'Tis Pity She's a Whore; John Earle's Microcosmography

1634 Milton's Comus performed at Ludlow Castle, music by Henry Lawes

1637 trial of Wm Prynne, John Bastwick, and Henry Burton (they were pilloried and their ears cut off)

1638 John Lilbourne's The Work of the Beast; Justa Edovardo King (collection of elegies including "Lycidas")

1640, April 13, Short Parliament, called by Charles to get money for the war with Scotland but dissolved on May 5 after parliamentary members insisted on discussing their grievances against the king instead; Nov 3 - the Long Parliament, so called because it was not dissolved officially until March 1660; its membership declined as royalist members dropped out and Presbyterian members were excluded (Pride's Purge, 1648); the remaining members = the Rump Parliament; Thomas Carew's Poems; Donne's Folio of Sermons published

1641, May 12 - Earl of Strafford executed

1642, Jan 10 - King Charles flees London after a failed attempt to arrest the rebellious leaders of Parliament; henceforward, Parliament considered that he had withdrawn to make war on his own people; the Long Parliament ordered the theaters closed in 1642; Sir Thomas Browne's Religio Medici

1643 Milton's Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce

1644 Milton's Areopagitica

1645, Jan 10 - Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, executed; Feb 15 - New Model Army established; Sir Thomas Fairfax = Commander-in-Chief; Cromwell= Commander of the Cavalry; Thomas Fuller's Good Thoughts in Bad Times; James Howell's Epistolæ Ho-Elianeæ (more letters in 1647, 1650, & 1655)

1647, Nov 11 - King Charles is in virtual captivity on the Isle of Wight; Thomas Fuller's Good Thoughts in Worse Times (Mixed Contemplations in Better Times comes in 1660); John Lilbourne's Jonah's Cry out of the Whale's Belly

1648 Robert Herrick's Hesperides

1649, Jan 6 - the King's trial for treason begins; Jan 30 - King Charles is executed; Mar 17 - the monarchy is abolished; John Milton's Tenure of Kings and Magistrates

1650 Jeremy Taylor's Holy Living

1651 Thomas Hobbes's The Leviathan; Jeremy Taylor's Holy Dying

1653, Dec 16 - Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector; Izaak Walton's The Compleat Angler; Peter Lely's portrait of Oliver Cromwell

1656 William Davenant's Siege of Rhodes (first English opera)

1658 Sir Thomas Browne's Hydriotaphic, or Urn Burial; Sept 3 - Richard Cromwell succeeds his father as Protector, abdicates on 24 May 1659

1660, May 29 - King Charles II became King of England, the monarchy "restored"

1662 Thomas Fuller's Worthies (The History of the Worthies of England)

1663 John Dryden's The Wild Gallant

1665 Great Plague

1666 Great Fire; John Bunyan's Grace Abounding

1667 Milton's Paradise Lost (10 book version)

1668 Christopher Wren appointed Surveyor General (to rebuild London after the Great Fire); he designs 51 churches, including the rebuilding of St. Paul's (1673+); Edward Taylor emigrates to Massachusetts Bay Colony (poems not discovered until 1937)

1670 Izaak Walton's Lives (of Donne, Wotton, Hooker, Herbert, and Sanderson)

1671 Mlton's Paradise Regained and Samson Agonistes

1673 William Wycherley's The Country Wife

1674 Milton's Paradise Lost (in 12 books)

1678 John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress

1681 Andrew Marvell's Miscellaneous Poems; Dryden's Absolom and Achitopel

1687 Isaac Newton's Principia (the sulmination of 25 years of work on mechanics and dynamics)

1688 Aphra Behn's Oroonoko

Written in our period but not published until much later:

1702/4 Clarendon's History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England

1711 Jonson's "Conversations with Drummond" (in a 1711 folio of Jonson's work)

1806 Lucy Hutchinson's Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson

1818 John Evelyn's Diary

1813 John Aubrey's Brief Lives

1893 Samuel Pepys's Diary (1660-1669)

1906 Margaret Cavendish's Life of William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle

1923 Sir Simonds D'Ewes's Journal