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Sequoyah Research Center

George Gaines

“Indian agent, merchant, planter; born in Stokes County, N.C., in 1784; son of James and Elizabeth (Strother) g.; married Ann, 1812. Asst. factor govt. trading house, Stephens, Miss. Territory, 1805-19; Indian agent. on Spanish Boarder; largely responsible for success of American trade with Spain; Member of Alabama Senate, 1825-27; Died in Mississippi, January 21, 1873.”

Source: Who Was Who in America, Revised Ed., Historical Vol., Chicago, IL: Marquis Who’s Who, 1967.


It would appear, by the annexed extract from the Texas Telegraph, that the people of that province are not particularly in favor of having more Indian neighbors:

“Those tribes are the same which have been removed to the ‘far west’ by the government of the United States. We noticed, in a conspicuous paper, and which has always advocated the cause of Texas, that in speaking of the Seminole war, and its consequent disasters, it said it clearly pointed out the necessity of removing the Indians west of the Mississippi. If the Indians east of that river are sufficiently formidable to hold the citizens in dread, in a country, too abundantly furnished with every means of defence, the citizens of Texas and the western states of Mexico surely have reason to apprehend hostilities from al the Indian tribes which have, from time to time, been sent on to their borders, unless the government of the United States take precautionary measures for keeping them in check. This they are in duty bound by the treaty to do, as well as to protect its own citizen on the frontiers, and which, we consider, the only and primary object of the military movements under the direction of General Gaines on the eastern borders of this country.”

Arkansas Gazette, November 22, 1836

Updated 4.19.2010