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Sequoyah Research Center

Seneca Removal Chronicle, 1832-1835

Seneca Removal Chronicle, 1832-1835 


Contracts for subsistence of Indians. –We are informed, that contracts for the delivery of Rations, at the several depots, as below, were closed on Thursday last, 22d inst. at the following prices per ration, viz:

For the ration at the depot near Fort Towson and Horse Prairie, eight cents;

For the ration at the depot near Fort Smith, five cents nine mills;
For the ration at the depot at the Seneca Agency, for the Senecas, six and three-quarter cents.

Nearly a million of rations were put under contract, and at an average of seven cents one mill per ration.

The successful competitors, we are gratified to learn, are all farmers and presidents of the Territory. 

Arkansas Advocate,
November 28, 1832



 Seneca Indians.–A delegation of the Seneca tribe of Indians, residing near Buffalo, in the State of New-York, arrived here on Saturday, last, on their return from an exploring tour through the unappropriated territory of the U.S., west of Missouri and Arkansas, in search of a country for the future residence of their tribe. They are conducted by Col. Willcox, Indian Agent, from whom we learn, that this tribe consists of between 2500 and 2800 souls, now residing near Buffalo, all of whom the Government contemplate removing to the west, together with the remains of several other tribes residing in the same state, viz: The Tuscaroras, consisting of about 500 souls; the Onondagas, 300; the Cayugas, 300; and the Mohawks and Oneidas, 200.

Arkansas Gazette, February 24, 1835


It is high time, we think, that some other arrangement be made, to insure a more regular receipt of the mail from Memphis. There is defalcation and mismanagement somewhere in the present one. If a body of Indians, (men, women and children), with some 200 ponies, can pass through the Mississippi swamp in the course of two or three days, (which has been the case within the last two or three weeks), we can see no good reason why the mail cannot be carried through with regularity. But so it is-travelers daily pass through; and yet the mails cannot, because the swamps are impassable! The fact is, there is a lack of energy and perseverance on the part of those now engaged in carrying this mail, otherwise it would be more regular. The late contractor was discharged, in consequence of failing to perform his duty-but we do not perceive that his successor has mended the matter. The mail is just as irregular now as it was before his discharge. A new change, we imagine, will have to be made, before the public will be benefited. The route, we know, is a difficult one to perform; but, with ample compensation, (and no prudent man would undertake it unless well paid for his labor and risk), every obstacle can be surmounted, if energy and good management be used.

There have been so many failures of this mail latterly, that we do not know how many are due. They, however, we believe, amount to six or eight-enough, we hope, to authorize the Postmaster at Memphis to freight a steam-boat around with them.

One arrived on Saturday last, but brought nothing later than we received by that of the Monday previous. None arrived yesterday.

Arkansas Gazette, March 3, 1835


Updated 12.17.2009