What is Census?

We The People

The Constitution Requires the Census

The Constitution of the United States, Article I, Sections 2 and 9, directs that a census or enumeration be taken.

Every 10 years, the U.S. Census Bureau conducts a census to determine the number of people living in the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau conducts the census in years ending in zero, on Census Day, which is April 1.

The decennial census information presents a snapshot of the population in the United States and is a source of data for political jurisdictions (states, counties, cities and towns, and townships) and some statistical areas defined by the U.S. Census Bureau (census tracts and block groups).

The information basically is collected by a form sent to every household in the United States which asks basic information such as age, sex, race, and relationship to the head of the household.

The U.S. Constitution provides for the decennial census for the purpose of reapportioning the 435 members of the House of Representatives between the states. The counts of the population by age, race, and sex, are also used by states for redistricting for state House and Senate districts and by local jurisdictions for redrawing city wards, county quorum court boundaries, school attendance zones, etc.

For more information on the decennial census visit United States Census Bureau.


If you are unable to find the information you need, please contact the Arkansas Census State Data Center for immediate assistance during regular business hours: M-F 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. CST.

Pam Willrodt, Ph.D. (501) 569-8221 or
Alison Wiley (501) 569-8574