Researchers from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock and the University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service are studying how politics and religion mesh in the 2016 presidential election.
The nonpartisan study is led by Dr. Rebecca Glazier, UALR associate professor of political science, and Dr. Warigia Bowman, assistant professor atClinton School of Public Service, to understand how the efforts of churches, mosques, and synagogues in Little Rock influence their communities and congregations.
“This research really began with a puzzle,” Glazier said. “Churches that hold health screenings have congregants with lower cholesterol and other positive health outcomes. I am more interested in political, community, and civic health than in blood pressure, so I wanted to know if the same thing happens for community and political engagement: Do churches that are engaged in the community have congregants with better civic health?”
This study builds on a smaller study Glazier conducted during the 2012 presidential election. Research questions include: Do religious organizations that are more engaged in the community have congregants with higher levels of political efficacy? Do sermons on global political issues increase political involvement? Do churches that are locally active improve the community engagement of their congregants?
“This collaborative UALR/Clinton Schoolresearch project represents Little Rock’s most comprehensive analysisof the city’s diverse religious organizations and their engagementwith and many contributions to the community,” said Skip Rutherford, dean of the Clinton School of Public Service. “Given the faith-relatedpolitical issues that have emerged in the 2016 elections, this studyis also exploring if and how local church leaders and theircongregations deal with these topics.”
Student researchers from both institutions will survey congregation members in Little Rock the Sunday before the presidential election (Nov. 6) to study how religious organizations influence their members and create a sense of community.
Approximately 70 students from Glazier’s “Research Practicum on Religion and Electoral Politics” and Bowman’s “Field Research Methods” courses will participate in the study. The study provides student researchers with an invaluable opportunity to learn social and research skills that will give them an advantage in the competitive job market, Bowman said.
“The Little Rock Congregation Study provides an unparalleled opportunity for students to get to know the Little Rock community, while simultaneously learning how to do research and being engaged in this exciting election year,” Bowman said. “Students will learn, both in theory and in practice, how to conduct interviews, conduct and analyze surveys, and hold focus groups. These are valuable skills for people in marketing, the nonprofit world, and government.”
Researchers sent surveys to 392 congregations and religious organization in Little Rock. Clinton Public School students conducted interviews with leaders of the 82 congregations that responded. Seventeen congregations were selected to participate in the Nov. 6 survey collection.
The 17 houses of worship include four black Protestant churches, four Evangelical Protestant churches, three mainline Protestant churches, two Catholic churches, one Mormon church, one mosque, one Jewish temple, and one non-denominational Unitarian Universalist church.
The results of the study will be presented during a community event in April 2017 that will include leaders of some of the participating congregations.