Dr. Corwyn is taking some time off from instructing courses at UA Little Rock to focus on a multitude of research projects. Find out more about his work below.
Dr. Corwyn is working on a collaborative project with Dr. Robert Bradley, at Arizona State University. They are working on studies that use parents’ personalities as predictors of the way they parent. The data was collected from 1364 families from the birth of their child until the child was 17 years of age. In early September, they finalized a manuscript using parental neuroticism on three outcomes: sensitivity to the child, harsh parenting and the total quality of the home environment. The study investigates an interesting hypothesis that there is an interaction between parental agreeableness and income-to-needs, that changes the relationship between personality and parenting.
Dr. Corwyn is also investigating the effects that parental personality has on parenting. This paper used parental agreeableness, as the primary predictor of parenting and includes a series of interactions between income-to-needs and parenting (i.e. agreeableness in this case).
During the Spring and Fall 2018 semesters, Dr. Corwyn worked with Dr. Blevins-Knabe and Dr. Sherwin to collect data from the Psychology Senior Synthesis class (PSYC 4100). They will use this data to understand the road to success for psychology majors. Among other measures, they collected measures of reading comprehension, critical thinking skills, an interest inventory, hope for the future, future orientation, locus of control, and several measures of aptitude (e.g. mechanical reasoning, spatial relations, verbal reasoning, language usage, word knowledge, perceptual speed, manual speed and dexterity, number skills and reasoning skills).
Over the past few years, Dr. Corwyn has learned to use the ECLS-K 2011 data set, which is a nationally representative data set of children and their families. This data set contains many of the same variables that he has been using in his research for approximately 20 years. Besides income, other demographics and the home environment, this data has measures from teachers and unique measures of children. In particular, the data has measures of children’s executive functioning, which is an important measure in the children development literature. Dr. Corwyn plans to use the ECLS-K data to predict reading and math skills in the first grade.
Dr. Corwyn has been working with Dr. Bradley to investigate the influence of the home environment on the math ability of young children. They plan to extend this research to include older children (e.g. 1st grade, 3rd grade, 6th grade and 15 years of age). Last year, they started working with Dr. Blevins-Knabe and Dr. Ann Austin.
During the spring 2018 semester, Dr. Corwyn worked with Phillip McGarry (a psychology undergraduate student) to submi a manuscript to the Statistics Education Research Journal for publication consideration.
The study will use changes in grades as a predictor of the changes in student effort. Effort is measured by the amount of time students spend accessing content on Blackboard, in online classes. Many measures were collected over a 2 ½ year span, and some of the measures were collected repeatedly across the same semester (e.g. grades and effort). Due to the complex nature of the data, it took a lot of time to compile and structure the data so that it can be analyzed via hierarchical linear modeling. Dr. Corwyn has completed preliminary analyses and the results appear to support expectations and he plans to submit a manuscript in 2019.
Dr. Corwyn has also been working on a project that builds on a 2008 paper that he and Dr. Bradley published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. This manuscript primarily uses parental sensitivity and parental stimulation of cognitive development of the child to predict the quality of the parent-child relationship at 3rd grade and 5th grade. They are using child temperament as a moderator of the relationship between parental sensitivity and parent-child relationships. Preliminary results suggest that child-temperament usually does not serve as a moderator of the effect of sensitivity on parent-child relationships.
Dr. Corwyn has been working with several faculty members in the nursing department at UA Little Rock (primarily Dr. Lee), on research related to an intervention that is designed to reduce compassion fatigue among practicing nurses. Late in the Fall 2018 semester, this research was presented at a regional conference and a manuscript was submitted to JHN, for publication consideration. Dr. Corwyn was the statistical and methodological consultant and data analyst.
In addition to the projects listed above, Dr. Corwyn is also working with a former graduate student, Sarah Woods Jenkins, on a paper that uses data on anorexic women in order to predict successful treatment for anorexia.