In recent years, many European countries have passed policies regulating the wearing of religious symbols in public places. Many see these laws as targeting religiously-observant Muslim women. What effect do these policies have on public attitudes towards immigrants from
outside of Europe, many of whom are Muslim? We argue that restricting religious symbols can influence public attitudes towards immigrants by signaling that religiously-observant Muslims are not full members of society, leading public attitudes to become more negative towards
immigrants. In this public lecture and discussion, we present data from the Eurobarometer Survey and the Pew Global Attitudes Survey to test this idea. The results of our study provide a deeper understanding of anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant attitudes in Europe, and how they are affected by public policy.