Minor In Education

Gail Hughes, Professor and Program Coordinator | (501) 569-8944 | gdhughes@ualr.edu

Students interested in teaching in education in Arkansas must be licensed by the state in a state-approved subject area. UA Little Rock programs in teacher education are designed to prepare students for licensure. Candidates for licensure must pass examinations mandated by the state, and pass a criminal background check.

Teacher Licensure Areas

  • Art Education (Grades K-12)
  • English and Language Arts Education(Grades 7-12)
  • Foreign Language Education (French or Spanish) (Grades K-12)
  • Music Education (Vocal/Instrumental) (Grades K-12)
  • Social Studies Education (Grades 7-12)
  • Physical Education, Wellness, Leisure (Grades K-12)
  • Mathematics Education(Grades 7-12)
  • Physical Science / Earth Science Education (Grades K-12)
  • Life Science / Earth Science Education (Grades 7-12)

All education programs have several components: university core requirements, an 18-hour K-12 Education Minor, and a major in a content area (such as Art, English, Math, or Biology, etc.). Some programs also require additional courses, blocks of courses, or other special minors related to the licensure area. Programs in which a Bachelor of Arts degree is awarded include a second language proficiency requirement. See “Second Language Requirement” in the Degree Requirements Section.

All students must have a minimum of 120 hours (including 45 hours of upper-level courses) to graduate. Because these requirements often overlap and are complicated in other ways, early and careful planning is necessary to complete the programs in four years. Students are encouraged to contact a faculty advisor in their area of interest as early as possible after acceptance to UA Little Rock. The components of the education programs are described below. Course descriptions, numbers, and titles are found in the catalog sections for the departments offering the courses.


University Core Requirements and Retention

A student seeking a baccalaureate degree must complete a total of 35 hours in core courses. Options within the core may be restricted by the content majors, associated blocks of courses, or special minors in some licensure areas. A student should consult the requirements of his or her licensure area before selecting core courses.


Once admitted, students are required to maintain a 2.75 grade point average, with at least a “C” in all professional courses (this includes all courses associated with the licensure/degree plan). In addition, students’ professional behaviors, content knowledge, and classroom performance will be evaluated throughout the program.

Successful completion of the licensure program is not based solely on the number of course credits, but requires demonstration of specified professional knowledge, skills, and behaviors.

Once the student has begun the program, periodic evaluations will assess progress. Failure to progress satisfactorily might result in a student being removed from the program. While a student may require additional time to meet some performance expectations, the faculty may limit that time and reserves the right to drop a student from the licensure program should appropriate progress not be demonstrated.

Admission Requirements:

Admission to the program will only be considered if the student have completely met the following requirements:

  1. Formal admission to the program will only be considered if the student has completely met the following requirements:
  2. Formal admission to UALR
  3. Completion of RHET 1311 and 1312, ACOM 1300, MATH 1302 or 1321 with a grade of “C” or better
  4. Completion of all core requirements with a cumulative average of 2.75, or a 3.0 on the last 60 hours
  5. Submit official Praxis CORE test scores to Licensure
  6. Advisor in DKSN 323
    • Mathematics (Passing 150)
    • Reading (Passing 156)
    • Writing (Passing 162)
  7. Submission of Advising Form to program advisor
  8. Completion of all background checks (FBI, State Police and Child Maltreatment)

Minor in Education (18 Hours)

Praxis Exams:

Praxis Core: Reading, Writing, and Mathematics
Praxis Subject Assessment: Principles of Learning and Teaching for appropriate for grade-level licensure
Praxis Subject Assessment: All Content exams (listed on the following pages for each licensure area)

The Education Minor is required in all programs and should not be confused with other blocks of courses or special minors required in some licensure areas.

Block I: Career Awareness Semester

Admission Requirements: 2.75 GPA; Completion of 60 hours; Completion of the following core courses with a grade of C or greater:

MATH 1302 OR 1315, RHET 1311 AND 1312, ACOM 1300
Passing scores on the Praxis CORE exam

Block I Course Requirements: (3 hours)

SCED 3210 Instructional Skills and Assessment
SCED 3110 Instructional Skills Practicum

Block II: Mastery of Principles of Learning and Teaching
Block II Course Requirements: (6 hours)

TCED 4321 Teaching Diverse Learners
TCED 4124 Practicum
TCED 4123 Learners with Special Needs
SCED 4122 Classroom Management

Block III: Student Teaching

Admission Requirements: 2.75 GPA; a grade of C or greater in all Block II Classes; Passing scores on Praxis Subject Assessment.

Block III Course Requirements: (9 hours)

TCED 4600 Student Teaching
SCED 4330 Reflective Teaching

Admission Requirements: 2.75 GPA; a grade of C or greater in all Block I courses.

Minor in Education (18 hours) Fast-Track Option

Prior to admission to complete Block I and Block II simultaneously, known as Fast Tracking, students must meet all of the following requirements:

  • Admission requirements for Block I and II, with the exception that Block I and Block II coursework will be completed simultaneously, instead of Block I coursework as a prerequisite to Block II, including a “C” or greater in MATH 1302 or 1315, RHET 1311 and 1312, and ACOM 1300,
  • Completion of a minimum of 80 hours prior to admission to the minor,
  • GPA of 3.5 or above,
  • Passing Praxis Core and Praxis Subject Assessment scores,
  • Completion of or concurrent enrollment in specialized instructional methods course prior to or concurrent with the semester of Fast Tracking,
  • Writing sample that demonstrates writing competency evaluated by SCED faculty member and faculty content advisor, and
  • Interview with SCED faculty and faculty content advisor with a favorable recommendation from both.
Core Requirements for Bachelor Degrees with Minor in Education
English/Communications (9 hours)

RHET 1311 Composition I
RHET 1312 Composition II
ACOM 1300 Speech Communication

Social Sciences (15 hours)

HIST 1311 History of Civilization I
HIST 1312 History of Civilization II

One course (3 hours) from the following:

HIST 2311 U.S. History to 1877
HIST 2312 U.S. History since 1877
POLS 1310 American National Government

Two courses (6 hours) from the following:

ANTH 2316 Cultural Anthropology
GNST 2300 Introduction to Gender Studies
GEOG 2312 Cultural Geography
PSYC 2300 Psychology and the Human Experience
RELS 2305 World Religions
MCOM 2330 Mass Media and Society
SOCI 2300 Introduction to Sociology
CRJU 2300 Introduction to Criminal Justice
ECON 2301 Survey of Economics
POLS 2301 Introduction to Political Science

Math (3 hours)

MATH 1321 Quantitative and Mathematical Reasoning (Non-STEM majors)
MATH 1302 College Algebra

Science (8 hours)

ANTH 1415 Physical Anthropology
ASTR 1301 Introduction to Astronomy
and ASTR 1101 Introduction to Astronomy Laboratory
BIOL 1400 Evolutionary and Environmental Biology
BIOL 1401 Science of Biology
CHEM 1409 Chemistry and Society
ERSC 1302 Physical Geology
and ERSC 1102 Physical Geology Laboratory
ERSC 1303 Historical Geology
and ERSC 1103 Historical Geology Laboratory

Fine Arts/Humanities (9 hours)
One course (3 hours) from the following:

ENGL 2337 World Literature
ENGL 2338 World Literature Themes
PHIL 2320 Ethics and Society

Two of the following courses (6 hours):

MUHL 2305 Introduction to Music
ARHA 2305 Introduction to Visual Art
THEA 2305 Introduction to Theatre and Dance

Praxis Series Tests

Candidates in all programs must pass several standardized exams mandated by the State of Arkansas, The Praxis Series: Professional Assessments for Beginning Teachers, developed by Educational Testing Services, Inc. Successful completion of the Praxis CORE is required for admission to Block II of the Education Minor.In order to complete the Education Minor, students must also pass the Praxis Subject Assessment pedagogy exam (Principles of Learning and Teaching) and all required Praxis Subject Assessment content exams within their licensure area. The content exams, listed on the following pages, are those required by the State of Arkansas at the time of publication of this catalog but are subject to change. Students who do not pass the exams are ineligible to graduate under a education program degree plan with a minor in education and are ineligible for teaching licensure. In such cases, students may qualify to graduate under another degree plan, although additional course work may be required.

  • Students should consult an advisor in their licensure content area before registering to take exams.
  • Students must submit completed “Praxis CORE and Praxis Subject Assessment” scores to the College of Education.


Content Components

All programs require the completion of a major in the chosen field and in some cases require additional courses, blocks of courses, or other special minors. When the hours accumulated within a content area, taken together with university core hours, second language hours, and the 18 hours in the Education minor do not total 120 (of which at least 45 are upper-level), students must take additional general electives.

Licensure Area: Art

Praxis Subject Assessment Licensure Exams:

Art: Content Knowledge – 5135
Principles of Learning and Teaching in any area – 5621, 5623, 5624

Students must major in art, completing the following curriculum (64 hours)

Foundations (15 hours)

      ARST1310 Basic Drawing
      ARST1315 2-D Design
      ARST 2310 Figure Drawing
      ARST 2315 3-D Design
    ARST 2318 Designing with New Technologies

Studio (24 Hours)

      ARST 3310 Drawing: Creative Invention
      ARST 3320 Painting Fundamentals I
      ARST 3330 Printmaking Basics
      ARST 3340 Intro to Graphic Design
      or ARST 3380 Intro to Illustration
      ARAD 3350 Intro to Ceramics
      ARST 3360 Intro to Sculpture
      ARST 3370 Intro to Photography
    ARST 3312 Contemporary Craft

Art History (12 Hours)

      ARHA 2310 Survey of the History of Art I
      ARHA 2311 Survey of the History of Art II
      ARHA 2312 Survey of Non-Western Art
    One additional upper-level ARHA (Not to include museum studies.)

Art Education (13 hours)

      ARED 4325 Foundations of Art Education
      ARED 4326 Art and Cognitive Development
      ARED 4327 Art Theory and Criticism
      ARED 4328 Curriculum and Assessment in Art Education
    ARED 4128 Art Education Seminar (Student teaching)

Students in the bachelor of arts in art/education program who want to enroll in a master of arts in art or master of fine arts program after graduation need to take additional studio and art history course work at the undergraduate level.


Licensure Area: English Language Arts

Praxis Subject Assessment Licensure Exams:

English Language Arts: Content & Analysis 5039

Principles of Learning and Teaching (7-12)  5624

Students must major in English in keeping with the following curriculum:

Required Courses (21 hours)

      ENGL 3330 Approaches to Literature
      ENGL 3331 Major British Writers I
      ENGL 3332 Major British Writers II
      ENGL 3311 History of the English Language
      ENGL 3312 Grammatical Analysis of the English Language
      ENGL 3360 Selected Topics (when taught as Studies in World Literature)
      ENGL 4199 Career Perspectives
    ENGL 4202 Teaching Literature in the Schools

Additional English Requirements (12 hours total) to include:

American Literature (3 hours)

      ENGL 3321 American Literature I
      ENGL 3322 American Literature II
      ENGL 3323 American Literature III

African-American Literature (3 hours)

      ENGL 3326 African-American Literature I
    ENGL 3327 African-American Literature II

Upper-level (3000-4000) English Electives (6 hours)
Additional Competencies beyond required English hours (8 hours)

RHET 4202 Teaching Writing in the Schools
RHET 3317 Introduction to Nonfiction Writing
Adolescent Literature (3 hours)
RHET 1312 (when the topic is Writing about Children and Their
RHET 4347 (when the topic is Writing for Children and Families)
SCED 4316 Adolescent Literature
ENGL 4375 Adolescent Literature


Licensure Area: Music

Praxis Subject Assessment Licensure Exams:
    Music: Content and Instruction – 10114

Music candidates may take any level of Principles of Learning and Teaching – 20621, 20623, 20624

Students must major in music with an emphasis in applied music and meet with the Music Department Chair each semester for advising.

Music Major (59 hours)
      MUTH 2381 Music Theory I
      MUTH 2391 Music Theory II
      MUTH 3381 Music Theory III
      MUTH 2291 Aural Skills I
      MUTH 2292 Aural Skills II
    MUTH 3231 Form and Analysis

Music Ensemble (4 hours)
Applied Study (4 hours)

Upper-level Applied Study (4 hours)

      MUTH electives (3 hours)
      MUHL 3322 Survey of Western Art Music
      MUHL 3381 American Music
    MUHL elective chosen from: 3351, 3361, 3370, 3371 (3 hours)

Six semesters of MUAP 1000 Recital Attendance

Music Education Emphasis (14 hours)

      MUAP 3224 Conducting I
      MUAP 3325 Conducting II
      MUED 3314 Vocal Pedagogy
      MUED 3315 Teaching Choral Music in the Schools
    MUED 3322 Music in the Elementary Grades

Six hours of Music electives

Students in the education track are strongly encouraged to take either MUTH 4310 Arranging or MUTH 4320 Composition I as the theory elective.

Additionally, students are required to take MUHL 3322 Survey of Western Art Music, MUHL 3381 American Music, complete at least two semesters in MUEN 4113 Concert Choir, and enroll in MUEN 4140 Community Choir each semester they are enrolled in this emphasis.

Students in the education track are required to demonstrate piano/keyboard proficiency. For students with little or no piano/keyboard background, it may be necessary to take up to 8 hours of piano/keyboard classes MUAP 1214 Piano Class I, 1244 Piano Class II, 2284 Class Piano III, and 3265 Piano Skills to fulfill this requirement.


Licensure Area: Foreign Language

Praxis Subject Assessment Licensure Exams:


      Spanish: World Languages – 5195
      World Languages Pedagogy – 5841


      French: World Languages – 5174
      World Languages Pedagogy – 5841

Students must major in Spanish or French and it is recommended that the student also minor in a field taught in schools. English, social studies, and the arts are common combinations with foreign languages. An official ACTFL-certified Oral Proficiency Interview is required for all students seeking Teacher Licensure in French, German, or Spanish. Certification at the Advanced-low oral proficiency level as defined by ACTFL is required prior to admission to student teaching in a second language. See “Department of World Languages” for details pertaining to each of the majors in foreign languages.

Second Language Education Block (12 hours)

These courses provide the requirements for the Arkansas ESL endorsement. Any part of the block may be met by demonstration of competency.

      LANG 4322 Methods of Teaching Second Languages
      LANG 4323 Second Language Acquisition
      LANG 4324 Teaching People of Other Cultures
    LANG 4325 Second Language Assessment


Licensure Area: Social Studies – History

Praxis Subject Assessment Licensure Exams:
      Social Studies: Content Knowledge – 5086
      Principles of Learning and Teaching – 5624
History Major (30 hours)

HIST 2311 U.S. History to 1877
HIST 2312 U.S. History since 1877
HIST 4355 History of Arkansas
HIST 4397 Teaching Applications
3 hours U.S. History electives
6 hours non-U.S. History electives (European ancient, Latin American, or Asian)
3 hours Senior capstone seminar (taken after 90 total hours)
6 hours upper level history electives

Social Studies Minor (21-30 hours):

If the following courses are not taken for the core, they must be taken as part of the social studies minor:

      ECON 2301 Survey of Economics
      POLS 1310 American National Government
    POLS 2301 Introduction to Political Science

6 hours of behavioral sciences from:

      ANTH 2316 Cultural Anthropology
      PSYC 2300 Psychology and the Human Experience
    SOCI 2300 Introduction to Sociology

6 hours of geography, the following are recommended:

      GEOG 2310 World Regions
    GEOG 2312 Cultural Geography

Licensure Area: Social Studies – Political Science

Praxis Subject Assessment Licensure Exams:
      Social Studies – Content Knowledge -10081
      Analytical Essays – 20082
      Principles of Learning and Teaching – 20524

Political Science Major (33 hours)
POLS 1310 American National Government
POLS 2301 Introduction to Political Science
POLS 3350 Arkansas Government and Politics

At least three hours of POLS courses from each of the following sub-fields:

American Political Institutions and Processes

      POLS 3300 American Political Parties
      POLS 3303 American State and Local Government
      POLS 3305 Elections and Public Opinion
      POLS 3310 Policy Process
      POLS 3320 The American Presidency
    POLS 3325 Legislative Process and Behavior

Normative and Empirical Analysis

      POLS 3302 Methods of Political Inquiry
      POLS 3390 American Political Thought
      POLS 4380 Classical Political Theory
    POLS 4390 Modern Political Theory

Constitutional Law

      POLS 4350 Constitutional Law: Governmental Powers
    POLS 4351 Constitutional Law: Civil Liberties

Comparative Politics

      POLS 3360 Comparative Government: Western
    POLS 3370 Comparative Government: Developing Areas

International Relations

      POLS 4320 American Foreign Policy
    POLS 4340 International Relations

9 additional upper level POLS hours

Social Studies Minor (21-30 hours)

      ECON 2301 Survey of Economics
      SOCI 2300 Introduction to Sociology
      GEOG 2310 World Regions
      GEOG 2312 Cultural Geography
      HIST 4355 Arkansas History
      HIST 2311 U.S. History to 1877
      or 2312 U.S. History from 1877 (must be a course that is not taken as part of the University Core)
    POLS 4397 Social Studies Teaching Applications

If the following courses are not taken as part of the University Core, they must be taken as part of the Social Studies Minor.

      ANTH 2316 Cultural Anthropology
    PSYC 2300 Psychology and the Human Experience


Licensure Area: K-12 Health and Physical Education

Praxis Subject Assessment K-12 PEWL Licensure Exams:

Health & Physical Education:

      Health and Physical Education: Content Knowledge – 20856
      Physical Education: Content and Design – 20095
      Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT) in any areas – 20621, 20623, 20624
    For the Coaching Endorsement – Test 20095 must be taken

Students must major in Health, Human Performance & Sport Management, completing the following curriculum:

General Health, Human Performance & Sport Management Concentration Area (8 hours)

      HHPS 3401 Nutrition
      HHPS 3412 Applied Human Sciences
    or BIOL 1411 or 1412 Human Anatomy and Physiology

Professional Area Requirements (55 hours)

      HHPS 2372 Care & Prevention of Injuries
      HHPS 3210 Individual Sports
      HHPS 3211 Health & Safety of Early Childhood
      HHPS 3212 Teaching Individual Sports II
      HHPS 3220 Teaching Team Sports
      HHPS 3222 Teaching Team Sports II
      HHPS 3302 Exercise Physiology
      HHPS 3310 Coaching Theory and Methodology
      HHPS 3320 History of Physical Education
      HHPS 3330 Teaching PK-5 Physical Education
      HHPS 3372 Advanced First Aid
      HHPS 3377 Drug Education K-12
      HHPS 3402 Kinesiology
      HHPS 3410 Biomechanics of Human Movement
      HHPS 3422 Exercise, Wellness, & Lifestyles
      HHPS 4340 Adapted Physical Ed. K-12
      HHPS 4350 Methods & Techniques of Teaching Physical Education 6-12
      HHPS 4379 Methods & Techniques of Teaching HLED
    HHPS 4384 Motor Development

Licensure Area: Mathematics

Praxis Subject Assessment Licensure Exams:
        Math Content Knowledge – 5161

Principles of Learning and Teaching – 5624

Students must earn either a bachelor of science or a bachelor of arts in mathematics. See “Department of Mathematics & Statistics” for details about the BA and BS in Mathematics degrees. Contact an advisor in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics for details about specific course requirements.


Licensure Area: Biology/Life Sciences

Praxis Subject Assessment Licensure Exams:

Biology: Content Knowledge – 5335
Principles of Learning and Teaching – 5624
Earth Sciences: Content Knowledge – 5571 (Endorsement only)
Students may major in either Biology or Geology.

Biology Major (Bachelor of Science)

BIOL 1400 Evolutionary and Environmental Biology or 1401 Science of Biology
BIOL 2401 Microbiology
BIOL 2402 Botany
BIOL 2403 Zoology
BIOL 3100 Genetics Laboratory
BIOL 3300 Genetics
BIOL 3103 Principles of Ecology Lab
BIOL 3303 Principles of Ecology
BIOL 4190 Biology Seminar

Biology Electives – 12 hours to include at least one course in organismal and cellular biology
ERSC 1302/1102 Physical Geology
ERSC 1303/1103 Historical Geology
ERSC 3380 Oceanography
or ERSC 3390 Weather Studies
ERSC electives – 3 hours upper level
PHYS 1310 Physical Concepts or 1321 Elementary Physics
IGSC 4401 Integrated Science Methods

Must include 8 hours of freshman chemistry and four hours of organic chemistry (take sequence one or two).

Sequence One

      CHEM 1400 Fundamental Chemistry I
      CHEM 1401 Fundamental Chemistry II
    CHEM 2450 Organic Chemistry – Short Course

Sequence Two

      CHEM 1402 General Chemistry I
      CHEM 1403 General Chemistry II
    CHEM 3350/3150 General Organic Chemistry I

Geology Major (Bachelor of Science)

      ERSC 1302/1102 Physical Geology lecture/lab
      ERSC 1303/1103 Historical Geology lecture/lab
      ERSC 3310 Mineralogy
      ERSC 2320 Geologic Methods
      ERSC 3330 Structural Geology
      ERSC 3340 Sedimentology
      ERSC 4340 Stratigraphy
      ERSC 4190 Senior Seminar
      ERSC 4411 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
      ERSC 4626 Field Geology
      BIOL 1400 Evolutionary and Environmental Biology or 1401 Science of Biology

4-6 hours of BIOL courses at or above the 2000-level
ERSC 3360 Paleobiology (may be counted as upper-level Biology hours)
CHEM 1402,1403 General Chemistry I and II
MATH 1304 Calculus I OR 1311 Applied Calculus I

6 hours from any combination of MATH, CPSC, or STAT courses
IGSC 4401 Integrated Science Methods


Courses in Education

To see the full listing of all undergraduate courses, select the relevant four-letter code to review the undergraduate courses within that discipline:READ – Reading
ELEM – Elementary Education
MCED – Middle Childhood Education
SCED – Secondary Education
SPED – Special Education
TCED – Teacher Education