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Slavery by Another Name and Community Discussion

Tuesday, March 11 · 6-9 p.m.
Market Street Cinema
Moderator: James Ross, Ph.D.

Join us for the showing of the film, Slavery by Another Name followed by a community discussion about the huge system of forced, unpaid labor, mostly affecting Southern black men, that
lasted until World War II. The discussion will be led by Dr. James Ross, UALR professor of history, a specialist in the interaction of race, class, and religion in 20th century United States history. RSVP NOW.


Historical Background

By 1865, despite the promise of the Emancipation Proclamation, the Thirteenth Amendment, and the Confederate defeat in the Civil War, many former slaves did not in reality experience “a new birth of freedom.” The Republican-controlled Congress enacted the Fourteenth Amendment (enshrining birthright citizenship and equal protection of the law) in 1868
and the Fifteenth Amendment (guaranteeing the right to vote for all men regardless of race) in 1870.

However, states and communities across the South ignored these federal mandates by passing “black codes,” laws that served to essentially re-enslave African Americans. Local law enforcement officers cited regulations against vagrancy, loitering, or walking near railroads to arrest, incarcerate, and sentence African American men to work as forced convict laborers in factories and mines and on farms. Drawing public attention to some of the victims and perpetrators of this forced labor system, the film Slavery by Another Name presents a story that has been largely ignored in history books.

~ Public Broadcasting Service


Panelist Bios

Andrew M. Manis is Associate Professor of History at Middle Georgia State College (formerly Macon State College) in Georgia. He teaches courses on religion, race, and ethnicity in American life. He has commented on historical and contemporary issues on the Fox Network, National Public Radio, Georgia Public Radio, and the History Channel. He is the author of numerous articles and has published four books: Southern Civil Religions in Conflict: Black and White Baptists and Civil Rights, 1947-1957, which was later republished in a revised and expanded edition with a new subtitle Civil Rights and the Culture Wars; A Fire You Can’t Put Out: The Civil Rights Life of Birmingham’s Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth (1999), winner of several prizes including the 2000 Lillian Smith Book Award; Macon Black and White: An Unutterable Separation in the American Century, a finalist for the Robert F. Kennedy Book Award and winner of the 2005 Georgia Author of the Year Award for history. In 2009 he was named a Fulbright Scholar and visiting professor at Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.

John W. Walker is an attorney in Little Rock, Arkansas. He owns John W. Walker, P.A., a general practice operation. He received a bachelor’s degree from the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, a master’s degree in education from New York University, and a law degree from Yale University. He is involved with many organizations, including the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, the National Bar Association, and the Southern Trial Lawyers Association. He is a recipient of the Southern Trial Lawyers Association Warhorse Award, and a National Bar Association Achievement Award. A native of Hope, Arkansas, he has also served in the Arkansas State Legislature.

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