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Sequoyah Research Center

Jefferson Van Horne

Lieuts. Van Horne, Simonton, and Montgomery, U.S.A., and Maj. Campbell and Mr. Somerville, who passed through this place, some weeks since, in charge of companies of Emigrating Choctaw Indians, having discharged the duties with which they were entrusted, reached this place, last week, on their return to their respective posts and residences.

Source: Arkansas Gazette, January 9, 1833


Whose arrival at this vicinity, under the superintendence of Maj. F. W. Armstrong, we noticed in our last paper, after being organized into three detachments of about 600 each, for the purpose of facilitating their removal, left here, last week, for their country on Red river, in the following order:

A detachment of Koonches, under the Principal Chief Ne-ti-ca-che, left on Wednesday, in charge of Lieut. Montgomery, U.S.A.;

Another, of Six Town Indians, in charge of Lieut. Van Horne, U.S.A., left on Thursday; and

Another, of the Chickasaw-haas, Col. Nail, leader, left on Friday, in charge of Lieut. Simonton, U.S.A.

All the foregoing Indians are from Ne-ti-ca-che’s district, in the south-western part of the Old Cherokee [sic] Nation east of the Mississippi. There had been considerable sickness among them, previous to reaching this place, and 19 had died since leaving Rock Roe; but the survivors of those who had been ill had mostly become convalescent, and the general health of the several parties very much improved, previous to leaving here for the south.

Capt. Page, U.S.A., with about 1200 Indians and 80 wagons, of Col. Rector’s party, who came through the Mississippi swamp from Memphis, and who design locating in the vicinity of the Arkansas, are probably now within about 75 miles of Fort Smith.

We understand it is expected that all the Choctaws who design emigrating this year, will be in their new country by Christmas.

Maj. Armstrong left here on Sunday last, for Fort Smith, for the purpose of distributing the annuity goods which the Choctaws are entitled to under the treaty.

Source: Arkansas Gazette, December 5, 1832

Updated 10.4.2010