History Chair and Institute Host Indiana Student Group

Kirk Explains the Struggle for Civil Rights in Arkansas Beyond the Central High Crisis

Dr. John Kirk and Indiana Unviersity Bloomington Students Indiana University Bloomington Students view historic marker of William "Bill" Hansen on Arkansas Civil Rights Heritage TraiDr. John Kirk, Donaghey Professor and Chair of the History Department, spoke to a group of students from Indiana University Bloomington Saturday, Jan. 19, 2013, at the Arkansas Studies Institute about the Civil Rights movement in Arkansas.

The event, sponsored by the UALR Institute on Race and Ethnicity in partnership with the Little Rock Convention and Visitor’s Bureau, was part of an annual Civil Rights Immersion Trip in honor of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. conducted by IU Bloomington where students are given the opportunity “to visit a culturally and historically significant site.”

While visiting the Old State House Museum, the approximately 55 students viewed the Arkansas Civil Rights Heritage Trail, an initiative of the Institute on Race and Ethnicity, with Interim Director Priscilla McChristian and staff members while Kirk explained the history and purpose of the heritage trail.

“Understanding our history is fundamental to any progress we hope to make toward racial and ethnic justice in Arkansas,” said McChristian.

Indiana University Bloomington students listen as Dr. John Kirk gives presentation on the Civil Rights Movement in Arkansas.Later during his presentation, “A Movement is More Than a Moment: The Civil Rights Struggle in Arkansas Since 1940,” Kirk discussed local historical events ranging from the well known to contributions by lesser known individuals such as William Harold Flowers, Ozell Sutton, and Edith Irby Jones.

“We must understand what happened before the 1957 crisis and since 1957 if we are going to get a complete picture of the history of the civil rights movement in Arkansas,” he said.

While the Central High Crisis of 1957 is the most recognized event in Arkansas civil rights history, according to Kirk, local activism efforts in Arkansas started in the 19th century when African Americans participated in the political process and supported their own communities during reconstruction and beyond.

According to Barry Magee, Assistant Director for Diversity Education at IU Bloomington, the theme of the trip was “Making a Career of Humanity.” While in Little Rock, the students visited local organizations known nationally for their humanitarian efforts such as Heifer International and the Clinton School of Public Service.

Derrick Hutton-Kinsey, Indiana University Bloomington student in front of the Old State House Museum“Up north, all that really tell us (about the Central High Crisis) is after the troops let the kids in, its like they won, it was over. That was our perception of it, but you have to really listen to the stories and get a mental image of what actually happened. It gave us another perspective on social injustices,” said IU Bloomington student, Derrick Hutton-Kinsey.

They also visited other sites that were integral parts of the Arkansas Civil Rights movement including, the Mosaic Templars Cultural Center, Philander Smith College, and Little Rock Central High School.

The UALR Institute on Race and Ethnicity was founded in July 2011 during the unveiling of the Arkansas Civil Rights Heritage Trail. The trail was established to raise awareness about the rich and important civil rights legacy in Arkansas.

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