Authors: Lamya Mohammed Saeed, Meena Mahmood, Sebastain J. Pyrek, Tariq Fahmi, Yang Xu, Thikra Mustafa, Zeid A. Nima, Stacie M. Bratton, Dan Casciano, Enkeleda Dervishi, Anna Radominska-Pandya, and Alexandru S. Biris
Publication: Journal of Applied Toxicology, Volume 34
Graphene and single-walled carbon nanotubes were used to deliver the natural low-toxicity drug gambogic acid (GA) to breast and pancreatic cancer cells in vitro, and the effectiveness of this complex in suppressing cellular integrity was assessed. Cytotoxicity was assessed by measuring lactate dehydrogenase release, mitochondria dehydrogenase activity, mitochondrial membrane depolarization, DNA fragmentation, intracellular lipid content, and membrane permeability/caspase activity. The nanomaterials showed no toxicity at the concentrations used, and the antiproliferative effects of GA were significantly enhanced by nanodelivery. The results suggest that these complexes inhibit human breast and pancreatic cancer cells grown in vitro. This analysis represents a first step toward assessing their effectiveness in more complex, targeted, nanodelivery systems. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.