The U.S. government regulates exports of sensitive equipment, software, and technology to protect and promote our national security interests and foreign policy objectives. UA Little Rock has instituted several practices in order to meet these rules, regulations, and to remain in compliance with federal objectives. Faculty, staff, and students are required to follow these institutional policies when working in or traveling to a foreign country, as well as when they use or carry university equipment, intellectual property, or any other property regulated under the applicable controls in a foreign country.
Export Control Activities
The UA Little Rock Export Control Officer can assist you in determining issues in the areas of equipment and information, foreign visitors, foreign travel, foreign shipping, and hiring of foreign nationals.
Agencies with Oversight of Export Control Laws
Most exports do not require government licenses. However, licenses are required for exports that the U.S. government considers “license controlled.”
The three main agencies with oversight of Export Control Laws are:
The Department of Commerce’s Export Administration Regulations (EAR) which covers [15 CFR 730-774]:
- Dual-use items
- Items designed for commercial purpose, but which could have military applications (computers, civilian aircraft, pathogens)
- Both the goods and the technology
- Deemed exports
- The Commerce Control List
The Department of State’s International Traffic In Arms Regulations (ITAR—also known as the U.S. Munitions List) covers defense-related items and services [22 CFR120-130]:
- Covers military items or defense articles
- Regulates goods and technology designed to kill or defend against death in a military setting
- Includes space-related technology because of application to missile technology
- Includes technical data related to defense articles and services
- The United States Munitions List
The Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions that have been imposed against specific countries based on reasons of foreign policy, national security, or international agreements. Full descriptions of all countries currently subject to boycott programs are available here. OFAC covers [31 CFR §§500-599]:
- Regulates the transfer of items/services of value to embargoed nations
- Imposes trade sanctions and trade and travel embargoes aimed at controlling terrorism, drug trafficking, and other illicit activities
- Prohibits payments/providing value to nationals of sanctioned countries and some specified entities/individuals
- May prohibit travel and other activities with embargoed countries and individuals even when exclusions to EAR/ITAR apply.
- OFAC Sanctions